About the year 1760, a number of families emigrated from Londonderry to Nova Scotia, and settled in Truro, soon after its evacuation by the French. Among these first settlers, were James, Thomas, Samuel, and David Archibald (brothers), Matthew Taylor, who married a sister of the Archibalds, and William Fisher; Samuel Fisher, a nephew of William, joined the company a few years afterwards. Other emigrants followed from time to time. Their descendants became numerous and respectable, and settled in the surrounding towns; as Pictou, Stewiacke, Musquodobit, and St. Mary's. We have been able to obtain no particular information respecting this colony, except it be in reference to the Archibald and Fisher families.
William Fisher, senior, was a highly respectable and useful man. He represented the township of Truro in the General Assembly held in the province. Several of the Archibalds are somewhat distinguished as having held important public offices. David Archibald, 1st, was magistrate and major in the militia; while his sons Robert and Samuel surveyed the township, and were the principal managers in its settlement; one of whom was not only a magistrate, but a judge of the court. No less than eighteen of this name, descendants of the first settlers who went from this town, have held high and responsible situations in the several departments of government; as magistrates, representatives, judges, and military officers.
Samuel G. W. Archibald, LL.D., son of Samuel, and grandson of David, the first settler, was first Judge of Probate, then member and speaker of the General Assembly, then attorney-general, and governor of King's College, and the Judge of the Court of Admiralty, and Master of the Rolls. He was, without dispute, considered the greatest politician and the most talented public speaker which the province ever produced. He has three sons, who are barristers; one a director of the Commercial Bank, London; another, attorney-general of Newfoundland.
The Archibalds of Nova Scotia are generally not only people of respectable standing in society, but a very large proportion of the adults are consistent and zealous professors and supporters of religion. The same may be said of most of the emigrants from this town to that place, and of their descendants. More uniformly than almost any other of the colonies from Londonderry, have they adhered, not only to the principles, but to the religious order of their ancestors. They are, almost without an exception, Presbyterian, and maintain in their public worship many of the forms practised in Scotland and Ireland by their fathers. They have never admitted any change in their sacred psalmody. The psalms of David, in their most literal translation, are used in their worship; in the singing of which the congregation unite.
Such has been the influence of this first colony in that province, that a greater portion of the churches in the several townships are Presbyterian.